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Italian Journey: Sorrento

A gentle breeze from the sea caressed my face. The air was warm. It was a pleasant mild morning. From afar, looking in my direction, he was the quiet ruler of Napoli: Vesuvius. Neapolitans have lived under his peaceful rule since 1944. However, this has not always been the case. This fascinating volcano was responsible for devastation and destruction. Pliny the Younger, a Roman poet, recounts Pompey’s last moments in a letter to his friend Tacitus – it is breathtaking.
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I drank fresh Tassoni. Beverages overlooked often outside of Italy. It is a refreshing sweet syrup made from cedar (Yellow citric fruit), the perfect aperitif if paired with large green olives.
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I was sitting on the terrace of the Grand Hotel Excelsior Victoria. A historic hotel, operating since 1834. The hotel sits on a cliff on the outskirts of Sorrento. There was very little for my wife to fall in love with in her stunning views, secluded garden and frescoed restaurant. Before I knew it, the first check was signed to reserve a venue for our wedding.
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My wife was right there beside me, typing on a piece of paper. While admiring the sea, I was struck by the very technical questions of “what about flowers? And what kind of chairs should we use? What kind of menu”? “My answers were very deep and thoughtful ‘whatever you want my love for’ and I kept staring at the sea.
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At the center of this picturesque terrace, surrounded by Roman statues, was a small door. It was the entrance to a quick elevator ride from the hotel to the sea. Sorrento really has no beach. What they have are those who call beach establishments. Breathing platforms with the breath of Italianism. For the day you can rent your own cabin, king size sun bed or for extreme relaxation, your own couch. You can access the sea by a ladder placed around the property.
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When that gut-wrenching feeling hits your stomach, you can enjoy the best Mediterranean seafood in the restaurant – by the sea. My wife enjoyed Di Buffalo mozzarella – now she was hooked – I had a delicious frezella. It is bread that is placed twice in the oven to dry. Subsequently, it is soaked in water. As the bread softens, it is removed from the water. At that point, you can coat it with fresh tomatoes, salted anchovies, basil. The finishing touch is the addition of a little virgin olive oil and the job is done. This is a sublime and easy lunch for a day at the beach. If you are ever in Sorrento or Napoli please try it, you will thank me for that.
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As a kid, I loved spending time in these institutions. The whole experience is reminiscent of the movie Scandal in Sorrento with Sophia Loren and Vittorio de Sica.
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After our afternoon nap – my American wife fully embraced the afternoon nap affair – and with some sun on top it was time to head. We took a staircase to the top of a cliff. We ended up at the Comunale villa (it’s a park). At the entrance of the villa could be found a beautiful church of St. Francesco. In front you could see the entire Bay of Naples. We sat in a small bar in the villa and at my wife’s request we enjoyed an aperitif – by then my wife had fully embraced Italian habits. I had a Tassoni – I got hot when I got back to Napoli – and my wife AperolSpritz. It was late afternoon so we decided to go for a walk before dinner.

The city center is still decorated like a Greco-Roman city. In the center of the main square, Piazza Tasso, there is a small cafe that can be enjoyed with an aperitif or ice cream. Make sure you get ice cream when you get out there. Forget about your fit app, it pays off. We walked the narrow streets. The walls of the shops were decorated with huge lemons. Don’t be fooled, they are real. Penisola Sorrentina is known for its huge lemons and lemon products such as lemon soap, limoncello and its multicolored ceramic products – all of course handmade.

As the evening approached, my wife and I were doing what we do best: wine and dinner. For our evening we chose Ristorante il Buco. It is located in the old part of town, through the street leading to the port. Its interior was reminiscent of a vault with a romantic touch. The lighting was perfect and there was ample space between each table to enjoy a conversation with a partner. Restaurants in London and New York tend to take away your personal space. Not at il Buco. Throughout the evening we enjoyed a tasting (tasting menu) of various dishes. The kitchen was refined, the service excellent. The food was accompanied by refined Greco Di Tufo. I finished the evening with my head on the table and could barely breathe. Still, it was all worth it.

Charles Dickens, John Keats and George Byron once walked the streets of this small town. Like many before and after them, they fell in love with his soul, his people, his food and his breathtaking view. As for my wife and me, we got married there. There could not have been a better place to celebrate our love. I always loved spending time in Sorrento, now I can share it with my wife. After all, Sorrento is not a place you once see. Ernesto De Curtis, the famous Torna a Surrient, we have moved to the following destination: Eternal City.

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Elements of a strong corporate travel program


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To get the most out of your corporate travel budget, it’s crucial to plan how to use your program for all it’s worth. Telling passengers to choose the lowest logical plane ticket is just not enough. Here are some things to consider when planning or evaluating your travel program.
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1. Travel policy

A well-written and widespread travel policy is the foundation of any good travel program, and I am consistently amazed at how many corporations have such an outdated and poorly conceived travel policy, if any. It’s not hard to find a well-written policy. It can be found quite easily online. All that remains is that it is designed to reflect corporate culture, and distributed within the company so that everyone understands it and agrees to follow it.
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For this reason, it is a good idea for everyone to sign a copy of the travel policy to ensure that it is read, understood and owned by the entire company staff. I suggest that everyone in the company sign a copy of the travel policy, whether they are traveling or not. Later, they can change positions within the company and are required to travel. Travel policies need not be long or complex. Some of the best travel rules I’ve ever seen were only a few pages long.

2 Central travel inside and out
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Many companies do not centralize their travel program, and they pay the price in the form of a loss of opportunity to reduce costs and internal efficiency. Many non-centralized travel companies fear that travelers will be required to do something they may not want to do, along with the idea that hiring a travel manager will be required to centralize travel. Both may have legitimate concerns, but may not be the case in most cases. By requiring passengers to book centrally, you do not necessarily cause them to lose flexibility.
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You can centralize travel while allowing travelers to book themselves, either with the travel agency of your choice or online through a provider you have partnered with and trust. By assigning someone responsible for overseeing your trip, you are getting a single point of contact, both internally and externally, for travel issues. If your company spends less than $ 1 million on air travel, you probably don’t need a permanent travel manager. In these cases, travel oversight can be assigned to the finance department, human resources, or even the executive level assistant. Here are the benefits to be gained by centralizing travel.
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When you centralize your travels with one agency, you get yourself in a number of important ways. You will have a single point of contact for problems while traveling, and you will have one entity for all travel needs. This eliminates the problem of consolidating trip reports from several sources.
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Coupling travel will benefit significantly from economies of scale. If you can measure total travel between different departments or locations, you can get more from your travel provider for your money.
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This will allow you to get more from a cheap airline program, which means more free tickets and upgrades, get a higher discount rate than our preferred airline, and get better bargaining rates from hotels and cars. Your fulfillment costs will also be reduced, as your travel agent will often discount your fees for a larger total volume of travel.
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3. A combination of online booking and personal services

This is in addition to the previous element, which calls for the centralization of travel with one travel agency. This is important, but passengers do not have to ask to use the online booking system and do not have to call the agency directly. By offering travelers the opportunity to do anything, you accomplish several goals.
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You will reduce your fulfillment costs as online booking is cheaper in terms of service charge. By giving passengers an option, you give them a sense of control, which increases morale and has a greater chance of high adoption rates. Third, you leave open the best practice of using your online booking engine for less complex itineraries and allow senior executives, frequent travelers and complex itineraries to book directly with a travel agent who can offer a higher level of service and better overall. travel experience where it is most guaranteed.
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4. Look under each stone

Although the bulk of travel programs are around the air budget, there are several other areas that can be explored to find savings. There are several more obvious areas, such as negotiating hotel rates at your favorite hotels or discounted car rental deals with a favored dealer.
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Often, your travel agency will already have discount rates through consortium associations and car contracts. There are also some less common areas that should be explored. For example, when it comes to land transportation, most suppliers will offer reduced rates and a direct billing option. Hotel direct billing arrangements and car rental agencies are also a great way to increase efficiency and make the accounting department’s job easier.

5. Use hard dollar and soft dollar contracts
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Most major airlines today offer discounts on hard dollars as well as favorable dollar incentives in exchange for company loyalty to their product. If your travel program is more than $ 1 million in air travel, you can secure a discount on the lowest carrier prices of your choice in exchange for transferring market share. For your secondary carriers, or if your volume is less than the minimum required by the airline, you can enter cheap dollar programs for free tickets and free upgrades, as well as improving your passenger status or airport club pass. These programs require little in the way of volume but are not well publicized, so they may need to search for them or seek out Baker Travel or your current agency to point you in the right direction.

6 Do not neglect the volume of the hotel
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The volume of a hotel is sometimes overlooked, but it shouldn’t be. You can negotiate the prices through your travel agency or directly with the hotel properties of your choice. Individual hotels near corporate locations will offer you reduced rates in exchange for a minimum room / night commitment. Using a travel agency, you are likely to get a discount of 5% to 50% on thousands of hotels worldwide.
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7. Have at least one rental car agreement

Car rental agreements are easy to enter into and require little to no corporate responsibility. Choose a partner who has airport locations and a reputation for excellent customer service. You can save 5-10% very easily and you can also negotiate frequent renter membership for all your employees. This will make them more efficient and improve morale. You can also conclude direct billing agreements that can make your passengers and accounting work less stressful.
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8. Understanding group and meeting agreements

Airlines and hotels will discount prices and fares if you have groups traveling together or meeting in one destination with multiple departure points. These meeting contracts can get you discounts on a 2-10% airfare, and if you have enough passengers on one airline, you may be able to negotiate the free tickets that will be awarded to you upon completion of the contract. The minimum requirement is usually 10 passengers departing at the same place at a time. Some airlines have a higher minimum, so be sure to ask before contracting. Hotels will lower prices similarly with a minimum of 10 nights. These discounts can range from 10% to a significantly higher discount, depending on occupancy rate and seasonal variations.

9. Use reporting to improve metrics consistently

Well-managed travel programs require constant monitoring and financial control to be properly utilized. Insist on timely and customized reports that can be designed to give you the information you need. By receiving regular reports on passenger behavior and the performance of your service provider contracts, you will be in a better position to meet contractual obligations, achieve cost reduction goals and see where future savings can be.

10. Use every opportunity to improve passenger comfort and efficiency

Finally, any well-managed travel program will take care of the comfort and productivity of their passengers. When travelers are comfortable, they can focus on their top priorities to help accelerate your business. If passengers are satisfied, they perform at a higher level. Ask if your travel agency can improve the passenger status of your preferred airline. Look for the purchase of Passenger Club Pass Blocks so that you can use them strategically during long and complex itineraries. There are many ways for travelers to be rewarded for hard and often arduous occupation. Rewards like these create a sense of loyalty and increase productivity and efficiency.

If you would like to know more about how your company can make better use of its travel program to leverage your last line and the satisfaction of your executive level, feel free to contact me. I am delighted to be able to point you in the right direction.

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Which she liked to be placed in the US Navy submarine competition

What would it be like to have a marine duty on a tender for a submarine?

The first thing I learned about the Navy is that if it is your on-call ship, and it is moving across the ocean, sometimes it takes you a long time to get there, to climb it. That was the deal with this ship and the destroyer I was also on. It took me almost a month to catch up on the destroyer I was stationed on. It didn't take me long to get to the boat. The ship was on its way to Subic Bay, Philippines. And I wanted to meet him at the dock, when I finally got there.

After arriving in Manila, me and some of the other guys on the boat stayed in Manila tonight. It was the first night I spent in any other country ever in my life. There were several of us who flew to Manila the same day and had to take a taxi about 2 hours south to get to the boat.

We got a nice hotel room in Manila, it looked down the streets, there were all kinds of vendors everywhere, and jeeps like taxis, pushing horns all the time. We didn't know what to do, so we stayed in the hotel lounge. That first night we all drank there in the lounge and just stayed there. We traveled for a while and were told not to go out and hang out, but we had a little fun, but only in a hotel stay.

The next morning, a white little air-conditioned van came and picked us all up. They took us to the city where the ship was waiting. Along the way, you could see many different types of taxis, and the tons of fields we all assumed were rice fields.

Taxi drivers seem to drive more crazy than in the United States. They rolled over things, barely slowing down for anyone to cross the street, they had tons of stickers all over their hoods, and it was everyone who heavily decorated their taxis. They would be constantly bombarded, and sometimes if you look at the driver he just waves his horn to howl the horn. There were 3 all-wheel-drive taxis that they called tricks. They were the cheapest way to get around.

I consider myself a good motorcycle rider, considering I grew up with dirty bikes and motorcycles the whole time. One day I asked one of the tricks of the driver if I could ride his 3-wheeled taxi motorcycle. He said I would have a hard time managing it because I had never done it before. I told him I've been riding motorcycles my whole life, I can ride his thing. He bet 50 pesos, which is roughly $ 1, that I couldn't drive him from one place to another. Boy, I was driving him just a little bit, and I couldn't make him turn me around, so he was right, you have to practice riding those things, to understand.

Again, I was the "fresh meat" type on board. Finally it will be, a real Navy. A ship with more than 1300 people on it. Our office was almost at the very top of the ship. All administrative offices, legal, public affairs, recreation, headquarters of CO, XO and command were all connected. Offices are linked together so we can all use the same spaces. You had to perform standard duties that any ship would have to do. Fire fighting training, exercises, man on board, abandonment, nuclear spill and other types of exercises.

They all do special training, and you learn other things about the ship. One of my first tasks, besides being a jeoman, was to have to stand on guard or serve on a flight crew, or a rescue crew, or something. Even if you work in an office, at any time, and even at 3:00 in the morning, they might decide to do an exercise or the right thing.

One of my jobs as a sailor in the Navy and working in the administrative department was during special marine operations. We might get supplies from another ship, which was traveling, it threw water, for example, 20 knots, and we were traveling throwing water, at the same speed. We can transfer, fuel, supplies, food, mail, people, as you say.

They could use a helicopter to get supplies from one ship to another, and in all that time, the captain is on the bridge, standing on the wings, directing the ship at what speed it should go, what stream it should be on, and during that time he always has his young naval officer, who is around him, because he is a training officer at all times.

The captain, whom I must see, rehearses 50 different officers over and over with the same things. Here we are, traveling at high speeds, two ships no more than a hundred yards from each other. On the wings of the bridge there will be a young colonel or junior lieutenant, trying to give speed and course, to the steward and the helmsman. Also, at the same time he has a captain right behind him, putting a little pressure on him, telling him what to do and asking him a lot of test questions, and always testing and training them.

It was my job to keep track of what speed and course we were in at all times. The young officers would be confused and could not remember what course we were going, or what speed we were going. Usually you just have to refine your course and speed every now and then, so slightly backwards, forwards, forwards, and the ships will be fine.

It looks really impressive, phenomenal and strong, being at sea, thousands of guys working, bright sunshine, crystal blue waters and your ocean cruise, at pretty high speeds, and you can see the cargo and other items shifted from boat to boat, and you just think. wow, how great does this look.

One day, the captain was on the bridge, and he was a pretty handsome guy, he said, "Stupid little thing," although at the time I was only a sailor, he always liked to call people of higher rank. He said, "You must have heard me say it, and again, a thousand times so far, I bet you could drive a ship better than these officers."

I always knew when it was time to change direction, I could do what these officers were trying to learn, just because I was up there with the captain every time, when he was always training someone. Never did the captain do anything, it was always a drill, or a drill, or a supply mission, he always trained junior officers, for everything he did.

One of my jobs was talking to a CO phone during emergencies and exercises. During the fight scenarios and other things we do, each department would have one person talking on the phone, like the repair department, the medical department, the damage department and all the other people connected.

The captain barked orders, and I would send orders to other departments, it was kind of like I was giving orders, and it was a bit of fun, because everyone took it so seriously, and wherever the captain was, there was always a good view.

On this ship, the captain had his own kitchen and cookbook. The cookbook was part of our department, and the Purchasing Department and the Executive Department shared the same sleeping space together. So we always shared our bonding with the chefs and the guys on offer.

Chef in CO, was selected as Sailor of the Year, Ship, and was a good guy. His dream was to work in the White House, so he applied, but was turned down for work. The captain had his regular home-sized oven, refrigerator and all the things he would have at home, in the kitchen. Chef, he would ask CO what he would like to eat for each meal and then make it. The skipper can answer, I want a light salad, steak and anything else he wants.

Everyone on board brand new and just starting out in the Navy is required to perform a 90 day duty, somewhere in the cooking section. Whether as a cook, assistant, cleaner or whatever. My job ended up with about 3 frozen food cabinets. There must have been at least 12 cabinets to store milk, food, bread, burgers on board.

At each entrance we had an elevator and at the top of the boat we had our own crane. Before going out to sea, some semi-trailers with trailers would come and we would load the ship with fresh food, a lot. On board you usually get 4 meals a day, breakfast, lunch, dinner, and again one at midnight, called mid-rats, for people who are still hungry, or people who go on guard or take off guard. When you have 1300 people, a lot of food is needed.

Working in the food storage department for 90 days was fun, the guy in charge of us was pretty cool. We were always allowed to have days off as soon as we finished our work. It meant all our work, so if someone was done, we would help the next guy do his job, until all things were done, and even a lot of days, we would work until noon and we would leave for the rest of the day. Not a bad deal.

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The Louvre

The Louvre is the most famous art museum in the world. It also has the highest number of visitors annually. It is home to many great works of art that are historically significant in Western culture. It was originally built as a royal palace for King Philip II. The architecture is similar to the French Renaissance style of the famous architect Pierre Lescot. Its use as a place to display art began around the time of the French Revolution. The idea started from the Luxembourg Palace in Paris followed by the Louvre.

The Louvre originally collected works by either Leonardo da Vinci and Andrea del Sarto. Location extensions were commissioned because this required the Louvre to be expanded continuously. As France grew in strength and stature in the 17th century, it was able to acquire more and more possessions. Major works by Dutch artists were purchased for exhibition at the museum. Today, citizens' gifts are being added to the collection.

One of the main goals of the Louvre is to preserve and protect the French art treasure. This includes collections from the beginning of part of its history to recent acquisitions to the present. They want to reach as many people as possible the beauty of all these works. The museum borrows different works of art and from different institutions around the world.

It has partnerships with other major arts institutions. It was recently announced that the Louvre Museum would be built in Abu Dhabi and should be completed in 2012. It will house works from various French museums, including those from the Louvre.

The Louvre Pyramid is the main entrance of the museum. French President Francois Mitterrand has hired Chinese-American architect I. M. Pei to build a glass pyramid. This was one of the first renovations of the Grand Louvre Project.

The Louvre stores some of the best art collections in the world. There are eight departments which are as follows: Paintings, Graphics and Drawings, Decorative Arts, Sculptures, Islamic Art, Egyptian Antiquities, Greek and Roman Antiquities, and Middle Eastern Antiquities.

The museum has a collection of almost 12,000 paintings. Mona Lisa is one of the more prominent examples found in the museum. It is a 16th century portrait painted by Leonardo da Vinci. It is considered one of the most famous paintings in the world. The image is of an expressionless woman who has been the subject of countless discussions and debates. The painting has undergone numerous conservation treatments leading to its relatively excellent condition.

Other exhibits include sculptures, such as Venus de Milo. Also known as Aphrodite of Milos, it is an ancient Greek statue depicting Aphrodite, the Goddess of love and beauty. It is made of marble, with the absence of hands or hands being quite pronounced on the sculpture.

In addition to the exhibits mentioned, others include engravings, drawings, books and archeology. In keeping with the times, the Louvre is constantly expanding and developing new areas in the museum.

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Net neutrality and carrier hotel

Carrier hotels and big data centers offer telecommunications and network industries convenient locations to physically connect with other telecommunications companies, in a neutral facility that offers high density of available carriers. As telecommunications worldwide continue to move towards packet networks and services, the exchange of Internet protocols and interconnections will bring even more value to the global telecommunications community.

Large networks require compensation from smaller networks and content providers for the use of their infrastructure, while the Internet community generally requires free access (network neutrality) to that infrastructure that is used or contracted from large object-based networks. Carriers are key to the survival of smaller companies in the hopes of competing with established public utilities, including AT&T, Verizon and BellSouth.

Legislation such as HR 5252, without the special protection of network neutrality, will trigger the second tier of network providers to develop parallel infrastructure using wireless and physical cable, in addition to stronger interconnections that allow bypassing large network infrastructure. Carrier hotels support stronger connections between smaller networks and content providers by providing a neutral interconnecting environment, bypassing large wholesale network infrastructure or transit.

Internet layered hierarchy

In the last 15 years or so, the Internet has been divided into three main levels:

• Level 1 – backbone support. These first-order carriers are object-based and carry an entire routing table on the Internet. Providers of Internet networks commonly recognized as Tier 1 include Verizon (formerly UUNET / MCI Internet), Sprint, AT&T, and Cable & Wireless.

• Level 2 – regional and second level internet networks. However, it is usually object based but still relies on one of the first order for some routing and transit. These include cable TV networks, CLECs and international second-tier operators such as France Telecom Open Transit and Level 3.

• Level 3 – Access networks and networks of content providers.

Peering is a concept that allows networks to negotiate with one another that allows traffic to be transferred directly between their networks without having to use a higher level of transit. Paid peering is how Tier 2 and Tier 1 networks charge smaller networks to access their backbones or allow their network subscribers to access the rest of the world’s internet.

Net neutrality assumes that users will be able to control what type of content or applications they produce or access, regardless of the degree or quality of service. So, whether you pay for a dedicated port that is all you can eat or if you pay for a usage-based billing model, all you pay for is the ability to send and receive packages at the rate agreed in your upstream Tier 2 or Tier 1 contract network providers.

Existing legislation (HR5252) will give Tier 2 and Tier 1 carriers much greater control over the content produced and applications used by both Tier 3 networks and content providers / applications, but also limit how end users can use network applications. The most advertised example is voice over Internet or VoIP. The Tier 1 and Tier 2 networks claim that VoIP requires higher quality of service and therefore sets unreasonable demands on the home network. They further claim that content providers, such as Google and Yahoo, are able to add their content free of charge to users, free of charge or fee, to network providers used as transit networks.

Originally, the verb in HR5252 included a discussion of net neutrality. Net neutrality is the principle that "Internet users should have control over the content they browse and what applications they use on the Internet." From the beginning, the Internet operated on the principle of the neutrality of network service providers, fostering technical innovation, the development of Internet industries and the creation of a truly global community and market.

The internet was built with the idea of ​​openness, only occasionally questioned by restrictive governments who felt it necessary to restrict the freedom of citizens to access and view open information. With IPv6, governments will still consider Internet control a difficult proposition, as IPSEC will further exploit their ability to restrict or intercept data.

Hotel carriers and support for net neutrality

Hotels carriers are by nature real estate business. Carrier hotels make money by leasing or licensing prints, uninterrupted electricity, refrigeration, and connectivity. The more connections and networks present in an entity, the more important it is that ownership becomes a community of telecommunications providers and networks. The rationale is quite simple. If you are in a carrier hotel, you can generally connect to another network or carrier using a local cross connection, and in some cases, a simple "cable jumper". If you are geographically disconnected from a major carrier's hotel (such as One Wilshire, 60 Hudson, Westin Building or Telehouse) or are a tenant in an existing carrier-operated data center, then the cost of connecting to other network providers and mobile carriers will be significantly higher .

A hotel carrier like One Wilshire can have more than 300 carriers and service providers present as tenants in a single building. Most such tenants will have a direct presence in the building being managed in the building, allowing all carriers to have easy access to each other as they are all in close proximity.

Hotel carrier is a location where Tier 3 and Tier 2 networks as well as content and application providers can connect directly. This allows these networks to "spot" without the need to send traffic via transit or the large Tier 2/1 carrier. In many cases, smaller operators and content providers or applications can peek as equals, and money will not flow between networks. This is important in cases where a content provider may be sending a huge amount of traffic to small network users. Both the content provider and Network 3 are most likely to pay the agreed upstream arrangements, which will result in both companies and their customers paying essentially the same traffic.

Hotel carriers may also offer additional utilities or options for interconnecting Tier 2 and Tier 3 networks. Both One Wilshire and 60 Hudson manage service packet exchanges, enabling packet networks (Internet and Internet content / applications) to be interconnected via internet sharing. . Internet sharing, such as One2 Wilshire & # 39; s Any2 Exchange, allows network providers and content to connect to the exchange using a single high-speed connection and then connect to any or all other exchange participants without the need for physical cabling or consuming ports .

ByPass and Packet Exchange

The Internet is a rich environment that supports the continuous development of advanced technologies, products and services that enable communication. The three areas that have experienced rapid growth as well as growth are voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP), interactive entertainment such as multiplayer gaming, and rich on-demand media (video). All three require high-performance end-user access, and all three have the potential to generate large amounts of network traffic.

In our broadband approach, most end users are connected to their network of high capacity lines, whether ADSL, Internet via CATV lines or wireless. For an access network, getting a large amount of traffic to end users is usually not a big concern, rather paying for a large amount of traffic or high bandwidth connections can become a factor due to the high operational costs of connecting to an upstream network provider in a paid peer relationship.

In order to provide a positive end-user experience, which is obviously necessary to retain users, the access network and content provider must ensure that their users do not have "bottles" or traffic congestion points between interactive users or end points of content distribution.

The packages will flow

The internet was originally conceived as a highly viable network, allowing information packets to move around blocks and points of failure in any network. This ability to bypass blockages and points of failure has an unusual parallel in the dynamics of Internet-related business relationships.

Whenever an architecture or business model becomes too restrictive, an alternative model evolves or emerges. The internet community inherently desires neutrality and has historically found ways to circumvent restrictive networks and legal blockages, allowing users to communicate with one another freely, regardless of controls placed on network architecture, policy, security, and surveillance.

Like Internet packages, the Internet community will find ways around Tire 1 and service providers trying to restrict or restrict applications and services on the public Internet.

VoIP and the end of telephone networks

VoIP is closely monitored by the government, the telecommunications industry and, most importantly, the end-user community. Pricing, call quality and ease of use are all important topics, such as future regulation and the security implications of sending calls over a packet network.

VoIP not only has problems with the physical performance of the network, it must also look at the long-term issue of future convergence or integration of video, conferencing, application sharing and network presence. Today's world operates on a numbering system called E.164. E.164 is a recommendation of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) for international and local telephone numbering systems. With VoIP, the E.164 numbering plan is gradually being replaced by network presence indicators, which simply "proxy" your desired identity either on the telephone or packet network and announce your availability for interactive or non-interactive communication.

Today, instant messaging user identity is the best example of an active network presence indicator, however, even IM engines are quickly adding interactive voice modules to their interface. This speech module could either be directly linked to the IM interface or be "proxied" to the interface via the presence directory.

The closer term "proxy" service is called ENUM. ENUM registers convert between E.164 phone numbering and network IP address or identity. Within neutral packet exchange, ENUM registers allow non-wholesale or supported VoIP operators to search the database of other VoIP phone numbers and forward VoIP calls to other IP networks<->IP, bypassing all traditional transit telephone carriers when completing or terminating a "call". If VoIP operators have peering agreements, this significantly reduces the amount that smaller VoIP carriers have to pay to telephone service providers when leaving or terminating telephone traffic, enabling operators to completely bypass the end-to-end VoIP telephone network.

As all networks continue to migrate to packet telephony, even ENUM will gradually become obsolete. However, as a utility available in neutral packet exchange, it could help many smaller networks save enough on operating costs to survive much longer than usual.

Content distribution

Hacking companies have been around for several years, with the most prominent (Akamai) being present in almost every major data center. The reason is simple – put your content as close to the user as possible, and the user will gain the best experience. Packet-sharing carrier hotels fully support content distribution. A company like Limelight, which distributes large quantities of on-demand media, thinks the hotel carrier is attractive because it allows the media to circumvent the need for an intermediary or transit network. The performance of the end user then depends entirely on the performance of the access network.

If net neutrality is not protected in HR5252, then this issue becomes more acute. Both access networks and content owners will have the added quality of service or fees for delivering large amounts of bandwidth and content applications – such as VOD or streaming media. On a packet exchange, the content provider can connect directly with all participants in the exchange and in most cases deliver the content directly through the exchange without paid peering.

Peering Internet Service Provider

The ultimate benefit a hotel carrier, especially a hotel carrier with a neutral internet or packet exchange service, can offer among their ISPs. In some cases, the dynamics of the Internet will justify sending most traffic through one or the other Tier 2 levels. You can enjoy the best possible performance, for the best possible price. However, as ISP continues to grow, the burden of paying transit or use fees to an upstream provider may justify direct connections between partners.

The transportation hotel easily accepts both physical interconnections and package exchange perings. Packet exchange is best if peering among a large number of peers is desirable and traffic volume is not too large. As traffic to one network increases, it is possible to redirect exchange traffic to a dedicated physical cross-link.

Conclusions

Hotel carriers and large neutral data centers are suitable for all levels of Internet networks, content providers and application providers. Given concerns about the lack of an effective version of neutrality within HR 5252, many Tier 2, Tier 3 and content / application providers are seeking hotel transportation and neutral internet exchange to circumvent Tier 1. Transit will allow smaller networks and content providers to better network and application among participating networks as well as reduced operating costs incurred by usage-based or port-based charges.

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Historic attractions visiting Mexico

Mexico's historic attractions, ranging from the ancient ruins of Olmecs, Maya and Aztec, to the rail routes used by the brave and legendary Villa Pancho – second to Cancun and Alcapulco beaches are major tourist magnets for the nation. The reason is simple: the story of Mexico's past, accompanied by a huge amount of historically preserved remains, is equally romantic, dramatic and complex.

Plaza de la constitución or Zocalo:

This is the main square of Mexico City's historic center. At 830 x 500 feet, it is the second largest public square in the world (Moscow's Red Square is larger). The large spacious tiled space is adorned with one huge Mexican flag in the center.

This is the heart of the city, the scene of events, festivals and protests, and a good place to start your exploration.

Metropolitan Cathedral (Metropolitan Cathedral):

The huge cathedral on the north side of Zocal was built over a period of 250 years and has a mix of architectural styles. Like many buildings in downtown Mexico City, it is slowly sinking into the ground.

In the 1990s, an extensive engineering project was undertaken to save the building, not to prevent it from sinking, but to ensure that the cathedral sank evenly.

Basilica de Nuestra Senora de Guadalupe:

This is not only an impressive building, it is also the central religious shrine of every Catholic in Latin America. It's close to Mexico City so you don't have to drive too far from the city. If you are interested in politics, the house where Leon Trotsky lived during the last years of his life is also located in Mexico City as mayor of Templo, the ruins of a temple that the Aztecs believed to be the center of the universe would prove more than satisfactory.

In Guadalajara there is the Jose Cuervo distillery and Plaza Tapatia where all the tourist shops are located. Oaxaca is home to the ruins of Monte Alban, and if you ever have the chance to take a train through Copper Canyon.

Hotels in and around tourist sites are some of the best in Mexico. Arriving in Mexico for any tourist from any part of the world will never be a problem, thanks to numerous flights to Mexico from various parts of the world.

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Travel Guide to the Colonial Zone, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic

Santo Domingo is the oldest city in the New World, founded by Christopher Columbus and his younger brother Bartholomew Columbus in 1496. The part of the city inhabited in the early 1500s was called the Colonial Zone (Colonial Colonia Zone in Spanish). The colonial zone is rife with many firsts for the New World. The first paved street, university, cathedral, castle, monastery, hospital and fortress – to name a few. With its beautiful architecture and rich history, the Colonial Zone is a must visit during your visit to Santo Domingo. UNESCO has classified the colonial zone as a World Heritage Site.

In the colonial zone, along with the beauty of historic buildings, you will find: hotels, restaurants, cafes, museums, bars, shops, etc. The two most famous streets in the colonial zone are Calle Las Damas (Woman Street) and Calle Conde. Calle Las Damas was a street that women from high society walked the church on their way to lunch. Calle Las Damas is an incredible street by day, but at night it becomes even more amazing when the street lights turn the walls of the buildings with beautiful orange hues. With each step the first concreted New World street, you travel deeper in time until you feel like you are on a 1500 hike past Christopher Columbus himself.

Hotels

There are many hotels to choose from and they offer a wide range of prices from economical to elegant. What is nice about budget hotels in this area is that they are clean and staff with friendly people – with many who speak English. Please note that these are old buildings and, although they are clean, most rooms are small and have Old Building editions. Still, for the price I think they offer a great experience in a large area. There are many of these hotels and many offer different special offers at different times, so it is difficult to recommend one particular hotel. The reason I like hotels in this area is that when you walk out the door of a hotel, you don't have to pay a taxi to take you to a location to enjoy. You are already at destination # 1 in Santo Domingo.

On the higher end, there are several hotels to enjoy, but I'll talk about Nicolas De Ovando's Hodelpi. This hotel has spacious guest rooms, a nice courtyard behind which you can enjoy in the evenings, a small bar, good buffet breakfast and a great menu for dinner, but the best two aspects of this hotel are its history and its history. architecture. Nicolas de Ovando, a companion of Christopher Columbus, was the third governor of India, and this hotel was once his home, dating from 1502. This hotel is located on Calle Las Damas (the first paved street) in one of the first houses built, so to me there is no better place to stay so you can immerse yourself in the culture of the oldest city of the New World. But don't worry if the hotel is out of your budget, you can visit it and enjoy a cocktail in the bar or in the backyard.

Things to do and see

Walking tour

I warmly suggest you take a stroll through Calle Las Damas and make it the first thing you do when you arrive in the colonial zone. Once you understand the buildings and their history, you will be able to enjoy them more. For example, if you sit in Plaza Espana and enjoy a pleasant evening as you look across the square and see the stone building, it will no longer be just a stone building, because after a walk, he will realize that this is the house of Christopher Columbus, Diego's son, Diego. Columbus.

When walking the Calle Las Damas, you will be approached by tour guides who will offer you a walking tour. So far, I have taken each tour with guides who spoke excellent English. The walking tour usually takes two hours. I usually talk to a tour guide before and ask them to stand out and try to convert for 1 to 1 1/2 hours. The cost of the tour is usually around $ 1,000 of Dominican Pesos ($ 20), but you can try to negotiate a lower price. The tour guides work great and are caring, so I think they earn $ 1,000 Pesos.

The next section will talk about some buildings worth looking at, and many of them will be included in the tour.

Buildings, museums and historical attractions

The Cathedral of Santa Maria / The Cathedral of Santa Maria– Built in 1514, it is America's first cathedral. This cathedral is an active cathedral and conducts services and has 7 beautiful chapels.

Alcázar de Colón is the home of a son, Christopher Columbus. This home has been turned into a beautiful museum with some original furniture and some reproductions of original furniture. A stroll through this museum will give you a sense of how Columbus lived in the 1500s.

Plaza de España is a large, open meeting place with 8 restaurants overlooking the square on one side and Alcazar de Colon (home of Diego Columbus, son of Christopher Columbus) on the other. It is located at the end of Calle Las Damas.

Calle Las Damas is probably the most historically significant street in the city. It was America's first paved street, and it was a street of high society women walking around the church to attend lunch. The street is filled with buildings dating back to 1500 that have now been turned into museums, hotels, restaurants, etc. Draw in history as you walk this street.

Calle Conde is probably the 2nd most important street in the city. This street is closed to cars and is filled with shops, cafes, restaurants, hotels, and in the middle there is a small park (Parque Colon) and on the other side of this street is Parque Independencia.

Fortaleza Ozam is a 16th century mansion built above the Ozama River in the colonial zone. This is the oldest European design fortress in America.

Ruinas de San Francisco is the rest of the monastery built in preparation for the Franciscan Fathers 1508. This is considered an important ruin and is the work of Governor Nicolas de Ovando.

Stranteon de la Patria originally a church to the Jesuits, it was later transformed into a mausoleum containing the remains of some of the most prominent national, civilian and military heroes of the Dominican Republic.

El Parque Colon (Columbus Park) it was the main gathering place for ceremonies in the colonial era and it is today. Located on Calle Conde opposite the Conde Hotel and bordering Santa Maria Cathedral, it is a great place to sit on a bench in a park under a tree and take a break from touring museums and ruins to soak in the beauty and culture.

Restaurants, cafes, cafes and night clubs

There are plenty of restaurants, bars, cafes and nightclubs in the colonial zone. I will focus on those that have historical significance, those I have enjoyed and some that our past clients have enjoyed.

Overlooking Plaza Espana (Spanish Square) and Alcázar de Colón (Deigo Columbus House), there are 8 restaurants in a row. Each has a menu located in front of the Spanish and English restaurants. All 8 restaurants are elegant and the longest New World restaurant is one of these 8. The Pate Palo (wooden leg) once owned by the one-legged pirate is the 500-year-old restaurant that Sir Francis Drake once ate. Whether you have eaten for Pate Palo or one of the other 8, you cannot go wrong when choosing one of these.

There are several restaurants at Calle Conde to choose from. They are casual dresses for lunch and casual or upscale casual at night. Segrefrados Italian Restaurant is a great location not only for food but also for people watching it. They have great coffee in the morning to kick off their day of rest, and their drinks are great too. For more traditional Dominican cuisine, you can visit the first floor of the Conde Hotel. This restaurant has a patio overlooking Parque Calon and Santa Maria Cathedral.

At the end of Calle Conde is a very famous cafe / dining room called Grands, formerly Pacos. This restaurant is open 24 hours a day and is a great place to have a coffee and breakfast to start your day off. This is not a fancy place but an ordinary cafe that will see people gathering every day of the week to enjoy a good conversation with their coffee and Dominican style food, regardless of the hour.

The LuLus Tasting Bar is a great place to enjoy a cocktail and dinner. It is a very trendy site that is upscale casual.

Onnos is a nightclub located in the heart of the colonial zone where you can hear your favorite country music (Bachata, Merengue and Salsa).

As I mentioned before, there are many more restaurants, cafes, bars and nightclubs to choose from, but I wanted to give you a list of what we consider to be a popular choice. As you walk around you will see many others, and if you see one you like, just come in and enjoy.

In conclusion

Between history, museums, great restaurants, cafes and nightlife, the Colonial Zone should be communicated to anyone visiting the Dominican Republic. This is a friendly area of ​​English that is very safe to walk around as a tourist.

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Top 5 attractions near Ninoy Aquino International Airport

Flight delays are stressful especially in a city like Manila. But don't panic. Book a hotel in Parañaque, Philippines, Makati or Pasay. Check out the various places and attractions south of Manila here, which will keep you entertained for a long departure or while waiting for a better weather flight.

Fortunately, there are many places near Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) that you could visit to get engaged while you are down.

Casino Filipino

This state-owned entertainment and gaming center is just minutes from NAIA's Terminal 1 in Parañaque.

Aside from nightly entertainment and gambling, this is also a good place to dine, shop, party and watch world-class events. Casino Filipino has something for people of all ages and beliefs.

Resorts in Manila

This commercial, residential and leisure complex is a 10-minute drive from NAIA. Here are the best casinos, hotels and resorts in Parañaque. This high place is mostly visited by the rich and famous, but people from all walks of life, entertainment, dining and designer shops can enjoy it as well. Night dancing is also noticeable due to significant clubs and performers.

Villamor Golf Club

Take advantage of the long wait and have fun at Golf Club Villamor. This village club is just a 12-minute bus ride from the airport. While you are waiting for things to happen at NAIA, hang out with friends or family. It has fine amenities, friendly baths, a restaurant, a cafe, a lounge and even a massage room.

SM Mall of Asia

Call a taxi and after 15 minutes you will reach the Philippines, Asia's second and largest shopping mall. It has an area of ​​42 acres and stores hundreds of shops. Everything you could want at the mall is here: restaurants, shops, cinemas, activity centers, entertainment, events, sports arena and concert halls. Over the weekend, people are treated to incredible fireworks. If you are tired of exploring a 42 acre property, you will be pleased to have booked your accommodation in Parañaque City, which is only a taxi away.

Duty Free Philippines

For people who are stressed, retail therapy is always a good option. There is no other place in the city where it would be fun to spend money on "comfortable shopping" besides the popular Duty Free stores. There is a Duty Free store inside the NAIA, but you won't regret the 9-minute cab ride to the larger store. It is common with design brands and other products and products commonly found in the US and Europe. There's a good chance you can forget about your travel troubles and extend your stay at your chosen hotel in Parañaque City, Philippines or other nearby cities when you see how affordable it is to shop here.

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Dalat easy riders

My first experience with ONE PASSENGER was in 2002, on my first visit to Dalat. I was walking down the street when a guy driving an engine approached me. He asked if I was interested in touring the Dalat area. I asked what I would see and canceled the list of places that tourists would be interested in: Crazy House, Chicken Village (home of the local montanyard tribe), Datanle and Prenn Waterfalls, old colonial buildings from the French era, Dalat Market and Truc lam Monastery on Lake Tuyen Lam.

When tourists first started arriving in Dalat in the early 1990s, guides were not known as EASY TO FIND, they were merely guides who accompanied their motorcycles to clients around the area. These guides are former soldiers of the South Vietnamese military (and their families) who could not obtain legal employment because of their affiliation with the former government. Some worked family farms in the area. The EASY RIDER term was given to them a decade later by a tourist referring to the 1960 American film of the same name.

The original EASY RIDERS usually spoke English because of their former affiliation with the U.S. and Australian military. This ability provided them with employment resources after years of forced poverty. Most of the old officers retired and passed on their namesake to the younger generations.

My guide, You You (meaning "tiny" in Vietnamese) provided me with a great tour that day as I watched the landscape pass by from the back of his motorcycle. I looked You You upstairs on other visits to Dalat and take a tour around the old days. EASY PASSENGERS hang out at the Peace Hotel. If you are lucky, you will find the original ONE RIDER that can tell you about the old days as well as give you a great tour. Today's EASY RIDERS will not only show you places around Dalat, but will accompany you to almost anywhere in Vietnam. Travelers to Vietnam arriving in Saigon (Ho Chi Minh City) can catch a flight to Dalat if pressed for time. The "real" traveler will jump on an "open tour" bus from Pham Ngu Lao area in District 1 and spend the day enjoying the great uphill mountain scenery to Dalat. Most "open tour" buses will drop off at or near the Peace Hotel, and you can spend an hour or two negotiating with ONE RIDER for his services. Have a local coffee or tea and spend some time learning about what's happening in Dalat.

Check out Easy Riders of Dalat for travel video experiences. Enjoy your trip!

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RV Living Verses Apartment Living

A few years ago, my wife and I decided to travel to the US in a semi-retired state. We drove out children (all over 21), sold our home and bought an RV. Well, live situations are changing, and we're still not on the road, at least not yet. We ended up nearby and got a full-time job. But then we decided to stay in the RV as full-timers.

The purpose of the article is to offer insight into the possibilities of using an RV instead of the apartment and the benefits of Rving. First, a little background for those unfamiliar with the terms of a recreational vehicle (RV). RVs are classified into several different categories.

Class A buses are like vehicles you see traveling down the road. They are also called Motorhomes and for good reason. That being said, cream A is cream. They are the most expensive in terms of cost but have the most storage space and amenities. I’ve seen some really nice Class A’s and when it comes time to upgrade or trade our current RV, we’ll be looking at Class A. Again, however, my taste starts in the $ 250,000 range, which is a little hard to justify.

Next up are Class B, these are mini homes. They are built on a light to medium truck chassis and can be identified by the look of the truck cab. In my opinion, these options will not be suitable for all-day use unless you really like small places. Some newer B-Classes include those called slides that are RV sections that "pop out" of your body, giving you more living space inside. Living space is what you will be looking for in the long run.

After Class B, the Fifth wheels arrive. Fifth Wheels are trailers that are towed by trucks. So to get a fifth wheel you will also need a pickup of the right size. I'd imagine at least a ton of pickup. The fifth wheels offer an advantage over Class A and Class B, because once the fifth wheel is set up at the campsite, the truck is detached and can be used as a vehicle. With A&B Class RVs, you will need to tow or bring another vehicle with you to get around. The fifth wheels conveniently access Class A RVs and in some cases have more space. Dollar for dollar, you will get more living space in the fifth round than Class A.

However, you do need an expensive towing vehicle (truck) that must be considered as part of the purchase. The Fifth Circuit is also part of a class that is considered Towables. The next "towing" is a passenger trailer (TT). They are similar to the fifth wheel, except in the attachments to the towing vehicle. Using TT, you connect to the hitchhiker sitting near the bumper of the vehicle. So, almost every vehicle has TT towing capabilities, depending on size and weight. A Class A trailer, heel wheels and passenger trailers are 3 major RVs where you will find people who live everyday. After the TT comes the camper class. These are lightweight RVs really not suitable for full-time work, however, I've met people who are full-grown people on pop-ups, campers and even tents. The top of the line for camper class is probably a camper camper.

These are the units that load into the truck bed. Generally, the maximum length is no more than 12 feet from the front and maybe 10 feet from side to side. They are very compact. They offer ultimate freedom because they are quickly set up and removed so you can move quickly from place to place. However, just like the A&B class, your home is also your transportation unless you bring another vehicle with you. The last group of pulling forces are tent trailers or tents. They have a work box frame and as the name implies, pop out or lift to raise the roof over the frame. This class of camper usually has soft fabric sides. I have been using population for years as an alternative to hotels while on assignments across the country. We even camped in the middle of winter with snow on the ground. Needless to say, he needed a heater that worked all day and all night. He couldn't keep the cold at night, so it was a little fun getting up from bed in the morning. It was 20 degrees outside and about 50 inside.

This is a basic overview of the types of RVs available. As mentioned above, Class A, fifth-wheel trailers and passenger trailers are units that most people will consider suitable for full-time living.

Our full-time RV experience.

We currently have a fifth wheel. Ours is from Jayce and is 38 feet long with 3 sliders. One slide is in the bedroom and the other two slides are in the living room, one on each side of the trailer. After almost 3 years in the RV as full-timers, we both love it. My wife likes to say that it takes less than an hour to clean from front to back, floor to ceiling.

Let's start with the financial side of living in an RV. You have the cost of an RV. They are treated like a car. If you buy a new one you will take a beating. However, at home, interest is non-taxable. Therefore, the best offer seems to be a unit that has a year or two and is funded. If you want to buy a new one, get a discount of about 25-30% off the list. Our unit was in 2003 still on the lot in 2005 with delivery of units from 2006. The sticker price was over $ 65,000. We paid $ 40,000 saving us about 38 percent. We didn't have a tow truck back then, so the dealer brought a fifth wheel near the campsite.

Oak Grove in Hatfield, PA has been camping all year. This is important. You want to find a camp that offers year-round operations. You do not want to move out in the winter. A lot of camps close from November to March or early April. When we started there, the rent was $ 375 a month and included water and electricity. Our only expense was propane for heating and hot water. Oak Grove procured 2 to 10 pound propane tanks and they automatically changed the tanks for us. This is really nice, like automatic oil delivery when you have a house. During the warmer months we hardly use any propane, maybe a bottle every other month if it does. But in the winter, we will use 20 bottles a month because of the heater. Currently, propane costs about $ 50 a bottle. So, from the standpoint of renting an apartment for a living in an RV, costs are usually cheaper. My daughter pays $ 750 a month for a nearby apartment and we pay on average $ 425-450.

Other Benefits of Living in an RV – People! The people you find on camping are the most wonderful people you have ever encountered. They are friendly, helpful, young at heart and simply nice to be around. We have been passionate campers since before we got married. I used to sneak up to DE, where my wife (then girlfriend) and her family were camping and setting up a tent, and then I became part of the family. In the nearly 40 years that we have been together and camping, we have never met someone who was rude, a thief, or unwilling to lend a hand if asked. In fact, we had more offers of help without asking than at any time when we were living in a home or apartment.

It's funny, but when I was traveling and staying in hotels, you almost felt like a ghost or a leopard or something. God forbid if you said "hello" to someone in the elevator or hallway. But when camping, everyone waving as you pass by, some will offer a drink or sit by the fire and talk for hours. It's like we're all family.

As for fire, what is a campfire? Sitting at night around a beautiful fire is so relaxing. Nothing has to be said, just keep an eye on the flames and it seems like all the stress is just draining away. But campfires have another benefit, food. Nothing tastes better than food cooked over an open fire. Try to do it in the apartment.

Rving has another benefit, a break. If you live in an apartment, your vacation consists of going to a destination, finding a hotel / motel, eating every meal and bringing enough clothes with you for the length of your vacation. When you live in an RV, your home goes with you. 30-40 minutes to pack your RV, turn off utilities and get on the truck and get on the road. Once you reach your holiday destination, there are another 30-40 minutes and you are ready to enjoy the sites. Meals are not a problem, you have already provided the complete kitchen at home, since it is at home. On a special diet? No problem, the normal routine is continuous. Clothes get dirty, lots of RVs come with washers and dryers, so you can do laundry while relaxing in the evening or before the day starts. Rving is usually cheaper too. When you compare the cost, you will find that traveling to an RV is much cheaper than traveling to a hotel / restaurant.

These are just a few things to keep in mind when looking at living in a RV-style apartment. I hope you found the information useful.